Subcycle Distance Protection—Protect critical transmission lines with high-speed quadrilateral, mho distance, and directional elements. Optional subcycle distance elements and series compensation logic reduce operating times to improve system stability.
Single- or Three-Pole Operation—Incorporate programmable single- and three-pole tripping and reclosing of one or two circuit breakers into an integrated substation control system. Provide complete bay control with synchronism and voltage checks from multiple sources.
Series-Compensated Transmission Lines—Detect faults beyond a series capacitor and prevent Zone 1 overreach on series-compensated lines using the optional logic in the SEL-421-5 Protection, Automation, and Control System.
Communications-Assisted Tripping Schemes—Configure protection for transmission lines without any need for external coordination devices. The SEL-421 includes settings for permissive overreaching transfer trip (POTT), two-channel permissive overreaching transfer trip (POTT2), phase-segregated permissive overreaching transfer trip (POTT3), directional comparison unblocking (DCUB), and directional comparison blocking (DCB) schemes.
Out-of-Step Blocking and Tripping—Select from either out-of-step blocking of distance elements or out-of-step tripping during power swings. The relay includes multizone elements and logic for detection of an out-of-step condition.
Dual CT Applications—Apply the SEL-421 with ring-bus, breaker-and-a-half, or other two-breaker schemes. Combine currents within the relay from two sets of CTs for protection functions, but keep them separately available for monitoring and station integration applications.
Underfrequency Load Shedding—Operate six levels of frequency elements as either an underfrequency or an overfrequency element. The frequency elements are suited for applications such as underfrequency load shedding and restoration control systems.
Bay Control, Reclosing, and Breaker Failure Protection—Apply complete bay control, reclosing, and breaker failure protection for two breakers. Monitor circuit breaker performance, including average and last tripping time, compressor run time, and contact-interrupting duty.
Complete Subcycle Line Protection
Apply the SEL-421 Relay for single- and three-pole tripping schemes, compensated lines, or uncompensated lines. Protect transmission lines using five zones of phase and ground-distance elements in communications-assisted schemes, with directional overcurrent backup protection. Use optional high-speed elements to achieve subcycle operating time for most fault types and source impedance ratios.
Turn state estimation into state measurement with wide-area measurement of voltage and current phase angles and magnitudes. Improve system stability with high-speed, load-angle measurements. Increase stable loading with analysis of voltage and angular stability.
Bay Control for Two Breakers
Fully integrate complete breaker protection and control for two breakers. Use the reclosing, breaker failure protection, and complete monitoring to integrate protection and bay control for one or two breakers. Use configurable labels to customize relay controls to match your application.
An Ethernet Card Option Provides Two Copper or Fiber Ports for Failover Redundancy
Available Ethernet communications protocols include FTP, Telnet, DNP3 LAN/WAN, SNTP, the IEEE 1588 Precision Time Protocol Version 2 (PTPv2), IEC 61850, IEEE C37.118 synchrophasors, and the Parallel Redundancy Protocol (PRP). EIA-232 serial ports support SEL Fast Message, SEL ASCII, Compressed ASCII, SEL Fast Operate, SEL Fast Meter, SEL Fast SER, enhanced SEL Mirrored Bits communications, and DNP3 Level 2.
Built-In Web Server
Access basic relay information on a standard Ethernet network with the built-in web server. View relay status, Sequential Events Recorder (SER), metering information, and settings for easy access within a local network. Web server access requires relay password and is limited to read-only viewing of information.
High-Accuracy Time Stamping
Time-tag binary COMTRADE event reports with real-time accuracy of better than 10 µs. View system state information at time of faults or with timed triggers, across the entire system. Use system state information to validate system models, improve transfer limits, and system stability. Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) is capable of 5 ms accuracy over Ethernet and makes a good backup to more accurate IRIG-B time synchronization.
Digital Fault Recording
Combine relaying reliability with true DFR functionality. The SEL-421 Relay's high-speed sampling (8 kHz) and COMTRADE output provide advanced oscillography. Use the acSELerator QuickSet SEL-5030 Software graphical user interface for harmonic analysis and easy report generation.
Expanded SELogic Control Equations
Use math and logic combinations of analog and digital values for customized applications. Adapt system control based on prefault conditions. Scale analog values and latch momentary inputs for SCADA retrieval.
acSELerator QuickSet Software
Helps speed relay application by allowing you to develop relay settings off-line, program SELogic control equations, and analyze post-fault event reports.
NOTE: SEL-421 Z010 Customers Using acSELerator QuickSet v22.214.171.124 or v126.96.36.199—Please verify your SITM setting BEFORE and AFTER upgrading to acSELerator QuickSet.v188.8.131.52.